Almost half of the adults in the United States suffer from gum disease. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If it is left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss and damage to your jawbone.
Some of the symptoms of gum disease may include gums that are red, swollen, or tender; bleed when you brush or floss, bad breath, loose teeth or pain. In some cases, there may be no pain at all. You may all notice that your gums are receding, or pulling back from your teeth.
There are a number of factors that can lead to gum disease, however the leading cause is the buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth.
The dentist may suggest something as simple as a lifestyle change, or a change to your oral hygiene regimen. A case of gum disease may require surgery, if it is a more severe case. Frequently, the dentist may give you a deep cleaning.
A deep cleaning, a procedure also known as scaling and root planing is a simple and effective means for addressing gingivitis. The process generally takes two visits, and may require a local anesthetic. In scaling, the dentist will use an instrument to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth, both above and below the gumline. Some dentists use an ultrasonic device to remove the plaque. Root planing may be done during a second visit. The dentist will smooth out the roots of the tooth to allow them to reattach themselves to your jaw.
When it comes to gum disease, the best defense is a good offense. You should brush for two minutes, twice a day, floss before bed, and see your dentist for your regular cleanings and exams.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of gum disease, our dentist, Dr. Sid Tucker can help. If you live in the Bardonia, New York, area, call 845-623-6666 to schedule an appointment at Hudson Valley Periodontics and Implantology today.